Tennis ball is specifically designed for tennis game. Occasional tournaments/ games adopt any color of ball but in standard or international matches fluorescent yellow (Which some people call as green or maybe fluorescent green as well). It’s made from pressurized core rubber material covered by high-quality cloth i.e. fibrous felt. The cloth is mixed up by wool and nylon.
You may be Interested
We have recently published a comprehensive post for Best Tennis Balls, covering each skill level and court type with FAQs.
Ball could be yellow or white and size for green ranges from 2.5 – 2.70” (Inches), 56 – 59.4 Grams (1.97 – 2.09 Ounces). Complete ball specification table is given below as defined by ITF.
|Type 1 (Fast)||Type 2 (Medium)||Type 3 (Slow)||High Altitude|
|Mass (gram)||56.0 – 59.4||56.0 – 59.4||56.0 – 59.4||56.0 – 59.4|
|Size( cm)||6.54 – 6.68||6.54 – 6.68||7.00 – 7.30||6.54 – 6.68|
|Rebound (cm)||138 – 151||135 – 147||135 – 147||122 – 135|
|Forward Deformation (cm)||0.56 – 0.74||0.56 – 0.74||0.56 – 0.74||0.56 – 0.74|
|Return Deformation (cm)||0.74 – 1.08||0.80 – 1.08||0.80 – 1.08||0.80 – 1.08|
Balls are changed during the game depending on different court surfaces or terms agreed by officials.
Balls have numbers printed to differentiate from one group of balls from others, and to keep identity.
Tennis Ball For New / Beginner Player
A lot of peoples like and play tennis. So if someone is new then he must choose the ball wisely. Because it’s not the only court that matters of your performance but ball is as well. Ball is manufactured by many popular brands of Europe, USA, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, and China.
It’s good for newbie’s to take a fairly slow, non-pressurized & softball which will make you surprise in bounce ( i.e. spin, speed, Height). ITF recommends balls in Stage 3 (red) ball & it’s two sub-categories balls for beginners.
Tennis Ball For Experienced Player
When it comes to experienced players or for tough, rough, and long training sessions, the ball with different and professional properties needed such as playing capacity remains intact for max. For this purpose no-pressurized having thick rubber & felt layer with hard core is more resistant in almost all common conditions.
Tennis Ball for Younger/Junior Players
Most talked about balls are usually for Professional & mature players. But to invoke game in young blood and to have new energetic players, Its need of hour to encourage younger players. For this ITF started the campaign “Play & Stay”.
For this slower balls with different colors have been introduced for different age groups of younger players. You may read our article for age group details.
- Stage 3 (Red) Foam Ball – Marked by Half Red felt, Un-pressurised
- Stage 3 (Red) Standard Ball – Slowest One
- Stage 2 (Orange) Standard Ball – Normal Size & Un-pressurised ball
- Stage 1 (Green) Standard Ball – Normal Size have half Pressure.
Slower Ball Vs. Fast Balls
Balls are manufactured in different categories by manufacturers, due to different court surfaces, temperature & altitude conditions. Other conditions are applied to balls such as size, weight, Diameter & Rebound. Categories are enlisted as below. Balls are divided into the following categories.
Type 1: For fast courts like Grass
Type 2: For Medium Surface courts as Hard Courts
Type 3: For Slow Surfaces like Clay Courts
High Altitude: For faster speed and high bounce, for High Altitude Areas
ITF uses all types of balls in international matches manufactured from different regions.
Pressurised Vs. Non Pressurised Ball
In pressurized ball is made from soft rubber and air has been injected in the core. It makes the ball easy to play, control, and felts cover imparts spin properly. If this ball is used on rough space it’ll deform it quickly and spin is deteriorated quickly. Hard courts are good for it but bounce high and difficult to control the ball.
Clay courts’s surface is softer and it makes it spin but humidity is absorbed which makes ball bigger & Heavier. Pressurized balls are not low cost but expensive & less durable. It’s not suitable for intensive practice or game.
Non-pressurized Balls are also called pressure less ball is good for practice because it retains its bounce. It’s hard to hit this ball as obvious no pressure is there. It’s good to use with machines as it lasts long, saves a lot of money and time. These are not sold in sealed containers but in bags.
A lot of factors involved while choosing a tennis ball for you. We have covered the primary factor, those will affect a player’s performance. Many peoples prefer balls that are not famous, but they can handle such balls according to their playing style, court type, and skill level.
If you have any question please do comment below or contact us.