Grand SlamsHistory

History of French Open Tennis Championship

Introduction

French open is one among Grand Slam clay court tournaments held annually in Roland Garros Stadium (Stade Roland Garros), Paris, France in late of May – Early June. Officially it’s known as Les Internationaux de France de Roland-Garros but French or locals just call this championship as Rolland Garros (RG). It’s premier and only clay tournament in Grand Slams. For time being Rafael Nadal is the champion who holds most single titles record. In upcoming 2020 tournament it’ll be played on dates 18 May – 07 June 2020.

  1. Men’s Singles & Doubles
  2. Women’s Singles & Doubles
  3. Boy’s Singles & Doubles
  4. Girl’s Singles & Girls Double
  5. Ladies Legends
  6. Men’s Legends Under 45 & Over 45
  7. Quad Men’s Wheelchair Singles & Doubles
  8. Men’s Wheelchair Single & Doubles
  9. Women’s Wheelchair Single & Doubles
  10. Qualification Men’s & Women’s Singles
  11. Mixed Doubles

History

In French it’s referred as “Championnats Internationaux de France de Tennis”. Means France International Championship of Tennis. It was started in 1891 named as Championnat de France – French Championships. It was men tournament in early time but soon woman participated in 1897 with four entries. After few years mixed and  women’s doubles started in 1902 & 1907 respectively.

It was restricted to amateurs or French club members only from its beginning. Then in 1925 it became international tournament & shifted later to current venue in 1928. First ever & true French Open tennis tournament was played at the Stade de Roland-Garros in 1925. Reger Federer won his first French Open title in 2009 after defeating Robin Soderling from Sweaden.

Governance

This tournament is being governed by Fédération Française de Tennis FFT( The French Tennis Federation). The Federation is responsible for development, orgnainzation and promotion of tennis in France. FFT has been started in 1888 which was named as French Federation of Lawn Tennis in 1920. The word tennis was abolished in 1976 and current name came into being.

FFT is responsible for the international games participation like Olympic Games, Fed Cup & Davis Cup etc. It prepare and organize players for the all competitions on national levels as well.

Roland Garros-French Open Championship

Tennis Courts of Roland Garros Stadium

It’s venue or sports complex that hosts French Open located in Paris. It was constructed in 1928. It’s 21 Acre a large piece of land, consisting 3 stadiums, Resturant and Bar, Press Area & VIP lounge, Training center: France National Training Center and Tennis History Museum name Tenniseum. It’s dedicated to National French Fighter Pilot (war hero) Roland Garros who’s belived that he shot down enemy’s aircrafts during World War-I.

Usually the surface of RG is reffered as ‘’Red Clay’’ but actually it’s not red as there is white limestone on which few mimlimeters red brick poweder is sprinkled, in underneath limestone and volcanic rockj is holding surface.

There are four currently four tennis courts in this stadium named as Court Philoppe Chtrier, Court Suzanne Lenglen, Simonne Mathieu & Court 1.

Philippe Chatrier Court

The principle or man court was constructed in 1928 having 15225 seating capacity. It’s referred as central court of stadium. It was named to current in 2001, Ex-President of French Federation of Teens-FFT. He rehabilitated the tennis in Summer Olympics back in 1988. It has main four stands having different names. In 2018 stadium was demolished to and constructed in 2019 with retractable roof is expected to be constructed.

Philippe Chatrier Court
Philippe Chatrier Court

Suzanne Lenglen Court

It’s named to a great French woman tennis player (24-May-1899 To 04-July-1938)  who was the youngest champion & first female athlete to be sports celebrity in the world and won titles including 6 French Open and Wimbledon championships. She was also known for her elegant personality. A trophy is also awarded of the Lady’s name to FO Women’s singles champion “LA Coupe Suzanne Lenglen”. First this court was named as “ Court A”. It has sitting capacity of 10,068 viewers. It has underground irrigation facility to control moisture levels within court’s surface. Soon it’ll get its retractable roof before next Paris Olympics 2024 which will enable this court to host boxing matches.

Suzanne Lenglen Court

Simonne Mathieu Court

It’s latest addition in the Roland Garros Stadium having seating capacity of 5000 completed in March 2019. It’s also named after French woman Simonne Passemard Mathieu player (31-Jan-1908 To 07-Jan-1980) who won singles, Doubles & Mixed FO championships. She is also remembered as French Resistance leader during World War-II. It was built to replace Court  1 that’s currently being demolished. It’s built 4 meter low of ground level having greenhouse on all sides.

Simonne Mathieu Court

Court 1

As mentioned earlier in Mathieu Simonne Court that it’s being demolished which was started shortly after 2019 tournament to built it new architecture. It had seating capacity of 3800 and have close proximity of the action. It has observed many memories like upsets of top players. After new architecture among other features there will be large screen for viewers to watch.

Reward Of Winner (Prize Money)

EventsWFSFQF
SinglesPoints2000 1200 / 1300 720 / 780 360 / 430
Prize Money €2,200,000 €1,120,000 €560,000 €380,000
Doubles Points 20001200/1300 720 / 780 360 / 430
Prize Money €560,000 €280,000 €139,000 €76,000

EventsR16R32R64R128
SinglesPoints 180 / 240 90 / 130 45 / 70 10/10
Prize Money €222,000 €130,000 €79,000 €40,000
Doubles Points 180/240 90 / 130 45 / 70
Prize Money €41,000 €22,000 €11,000

EventsWFSFQFR16R32
Mixed DoublesPoints
Prize Money €120,000 €60,000 €30,000 €17,000 €9,500 €4,750

Ball Pickers

In 2010 French Open tournament introduces ball pickers including boys & girls of age between 12-16 & having minimum height of 1.75 m & perfect vision. It’s mandatory to be member of French Federation of Tennis. Total number of applications accepted are 2500. Among these enthusiasts after training and several test like picking & Rolling Up balls, thrown accuracy, concentration etc, only 220 can make their way to French Open matches

Ball Girl in French Open (Roland Garros)
Ball Girl in French Open (Roland Garros)

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