If you want to start tennis for the first time or fed up from existing balls and want to buy a new tennis ball then this brief and informative article is for you.
Tennis ball is specifically designed for tennis game. Recreational or Occasional tournaments/ games can adopt any color of ball. But in standard or international matches fluorescent yellow (Which some people call as green or maybe fluorescent green as well) is used.
It’s made from pressurized core rubber material covered by high-quality cloth i.e. fibrous felt. The cloth is mixed up by wool and nylon.
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Ball could be yellow or white and size for green ranges from 2.5 – 2.70” (Inches), 56 – 59.4 Grams (1.97 – 2.09 Ounces). Complete ball specification table is given below as defined by ITF.
- Tennis Ball For New / Beginner Players
- Tennis Ball For Experienced Players
- Tennis Ball for Kids/Junior Players
- Types of Tennis Ball
- Pressurized Vs. Non Pressurized Ball
Tennis Ball For New / Beginner Players
A lot of peoples like and play tennis. So if someone is new then he must choose the ball wisely. Because it’s not the only court that matters of your performance but ball is as well.
Ball is manufactured by many popular brands of Europe, USA, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, and China.
It’s good for newbie’s to take a fairly slow, non-pressurized & softball which will make you surprise in bounce (i.e. spin, speed, Height). ITF recommends balls in Stage 3 (red) ball & it’s two sub-categories balls for beginners.
Tennis Ball For Experienced Players
When it comes to experienced players or for tough, rough, and long training sessions, the ball with different and professional properties needed such as playing capacity remains intact for max. For this purpose no-pressurized having thick rubber & felt layer with hard core is more resistant in almost all common conditions.
Tennis Ball for Kids/Junior Players
Most talked about balls are usually for Professional & mature players. But to young blood in the game invoke and to have new energetic players, Its need of hour to encourage younger players.
When it comes to Junior tennis balls ITF recommends slower balls with different colors. These balls have been introduced for different age groups of younger players as follows.
- Stage 3 (Red) Foam Ball – Marked by Half Red felt, Un-pressurised
- Stage 3 (Red) Standard Ball – Slowest One
- Stage 2 (Orange) Standard Ball – Normal Size & Un-pressurised ball
- Stage 1 (Green) Standard Ball – Normal Size have half Pressure.
Types of Tennis Ball
Slower Ball Vs. Fast Balls
Manufacturers are making balls in different categories due to different age groups, court surfaces, temperature & altitude conditions. Other conditions are applied to balls such as size, weight, Diameter & Rebound rate.
Balls are divided into the following recognized categories.
Type 1: For fast courts like Grass
Type 2: For Medium Surface courts as Hard Courts
Type 3: For Slow Surfaces like Clay Courts
High Altitude: For faster speed and high bounce, for High Altitude Areas
ITF uses all types of balls in international matches manufactured from different regions.
Tennis Ball Specification Table
|Type 1 (Fast)||Type 2 (Medium)||Type 3 (Slow)||High Altitude|
|Mass (gram)||56.0 – 59.4||56.0 – 59.4||56.0 – 59.4||56.0 – 59.4|
|Size( cm)||6.54 – 6.68||6.54 – 6.68||7.00 – 7.30||6.54 – 6.68|
|Rebound (cm)||138 – 151||135 – 147||135 – 147||122 – 135|
|Forward Deformation (cm)||0.56 – 0.74||0.56 – 0.74||0.56 – 0.74||0.56 – 0.74|
|Return Deformation (cm)||0.74 – 1.08||0.80 – 1.08||0.80 – 1.08||0.80 – 1.08|
Pressurized Vs. Non Pressurized Ball
Pressurized Ball (Professional Ball)
Pressurized ball is made of soft rubber and air has been injected in the core. It makes the ball easy to play, control, and felts cover imparts spin properly.
If this ball is used on rough space it’ll deform quickly and spin is deteriorated quickly. Hard courts are good for it but high bounce and difficult to control the ball.
Clay courts’ surface is softer and it makes it spin but humidity is absorbed which makes ball bigger & Heavier. Pressurized balls are not low cost but expensive & less durable. It’s not suitable for intensive practice or game.
Non-Pressurized Ball (Practice Ball)
Non-pressurized Balls are also called pressure-less ball, is good for practice because it retains its bounce. It’s hard to hit this ball as obvious no pressure is there.
It’s good to use with machines as it lasts long, saves a lot of money and time. These are not sold in sealed containers but in bags.
Guide for Choosing Best Tennis Ball
We have recently published a simple and brief guide for all categories tennis balls. It’ll guide you from bottom to top for choosing a tennis ball. It is recommended that read it thoroughly.
If you want to check latest only prices of tennis balls then check
When to change tennis Ball during the game?
If you are playing a professional/competitive game then the ball can be changed depending on ball condition due to different court surfaces or terms agreed by officials/umpires.
Identify ball when practicing at a community tennis court
Generally, balls have numbers printed to differentiate from one group of balls from others and to keep identity. So whenever balls are mixed you can easily identify yours.
It would be a good habit if you can write down ball numbers somewhere, rather than to recall them.
Many factors are involved while choosing a tennis ball for you. We have covered the primary factor that can help you choose the best ball for you. and improve your performance.
Many players prefer balls that are not famous, but they can handle such balls according to their playing style, court type, and skill level,. The same might not help you to improve.